Tag Archives: United States National Agricultural Library

Pomme Fruit: The Harrison Apple. 2 Views: circa 1817 and 1899.

Circa 1817 image (left)  from the unpublished atlas of Wm. Coxe. Illustration executed by one of Mr. Coxe’s daughters, possibly Elizabeth (Coxe) McMurtrie.

Image Credit: Special Collections, National Agricultural Library.

1899 image (right) painted by Deborah Griscom Passmore, an illustrator for the USDA.

Image credit : “U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705″

http://usdawatercolors.nal.usda.gov/

 

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Pyrus communis: : Bon Chretien de Vernois Pear

POM00006904.BonChretienPear

Pyrus communis: : Bon Chretien de Vernois Pear

Artist:
Steadman, Royal Charles, b. 1875
Scientific name:
Pyrus communis
Common name:
pears
Variety:
Bon Chretien de Vernois
Geographic origin:
Saint Petersburg, Pinellas County, Florida, United States
Physical description:
1 art original : col. ; 17 x 25 cm.
Specimen:
95913
Year:
1918
Notes on original:
Martin Compas
Date created:
1918-09-27
Rights:
Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a statement of attribution is required. Please use the following attribution statement: “U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705”
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Cydonia oblonga: Champion Quince

POM00001122ChampionQuinceGEXS

Cydonia oblonga: Champion

Artist:
Steadman, Royal Charles, b. 1875
Scientific name:
Cydonia oblonga
Common name:
quinces
Variety:
Champion
Geographic origin:
Geneva, Ontario County, New York, United States
Physical description:
1 art original : col. ; 17 x 25 cm.
Specimen:
94081
Year:
1918
Notes on original:
Geneva Experiment Station
Date created:
1918-01-09
Rights:
Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a statement of attribution is required. Please use the following attribution statement: “U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705”
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Malus domestica: Golden Russet. 1905, Arlington, Dutchess County, New York, United States

POM00001881

Malus domestica: Golden Russet

Artist:
Passmore, Deborah Griscom, 1840-1911
Scientific name:
Malus domestica
Common name:
apples
Variety:
Golden Russet
Geographic origin:
Arlington, Dutchess County, New York, United States
Physical description:
1 art original : col. ; 17 x 25 cm.
Specimen:
33402
Year:
1905
Notes on original:
Golden Russet of NY
Date created:
1905-02-27
Rights:
Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a statement of attribution is required. Please use the following attribution statement: “U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705”
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Malus domestica: Red Gravenstein, 1929. Rosslyn, Arlington County, Virginia, United States

POM00003063

Malus domestica: Red Gravenstein

Artist:
Steadman, Royal Charles, b. 1875
Scientific name:
Malus domestica
Common name:
apples
Variety:
Red Gravenstein
Geographic origin:
Rosslyn, Arlington County, Virginia, United States
Physical description:
1 art original : col. ; 17 x 25 cm.
Specimen:
111014
Year:
1929
Notes on original:
Section J, Row 25, Tree 3; Picked 07/23/1929
Date created:
1929-08-07
Rights:
Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a statement of attribution is required. Please use the following attribution statement: “U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705”
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Malus domestica: Apple Blossom: Subject Apple Frost Injury

POM00001279

Malus domestica

Artist:
Newton, Amanda Almira, ca. 1860-1943
Scientific name:
Malus domestica
Common name:
apples
Geographic origin:
Woodwardville, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, United States
Physical description:
1 art original : col. ; 17 x 24 cm.
NAL note:
Painting is of an apple blossom; Assigned specimen number
Specimen:
[00010]
Year:
1905
Notes on original:
Subject Apple Frost Injury. Apple blossoms from Woodwardville, Maryland. This shows the characteristic injury by frost which occurs when the apples are in bloom or in bud. The pistils and ovules being partly killed and the floral envelopes wholly uninjured. The stamens are mostly uninjured, some of the inner ones having gone down with the ovary. The youngest blossoms in bud at the time were not injured. The most advanced flowers were hurt the most.
Date created:
1905-04-24
Rights:
Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a statement of attribution is required. Please use the following attribution statement: “U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705”
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Malus domestica: Russian Gravenstein, 1901. Maine.

Russian Gravenstein

Malus domestica: Russian Gravenstein

Artist:
Heiges, Bertha
Scientific name:
Malus domestica
Common name:
apples
Variety:
Russian Gravenstein
Geographic origin:
Maine, United States
Physical description:
1 art original : col. ; 17 x 25 cm.
Specimen:
22594
Year:
1901
Date created:
1901-09-28
Rights:
Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a statement of attribution is required. Please use the following attribution statement: “U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705”
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The Unpublished Atlas: A List of Apples. A View of the Cultivation of Fruit Trees by William Coxe.

Images of the 24 pomological watercolor illustrations, on 12 plates, listed below, are posted on at USDA National Agricultural Library website in the Rare Books Special Collections Image GalleryThe complete Atlas is digitized, but not all images from the Atlas are currently available in Rare Books Special Collections Image Gallery.
The originals are full size watercolor illustrations on Bristol board, created by Elizabeth Coxe McMurtry and her sisters to illustrate the unpublished second edition of their father’s book.
It is possible these images were painted circa 1817-1831, making them some of the earliest known color pomological illustrations of American fruits. An 1857 article in Country Gentleman magazine describes the watercolor illustrations in detail, indicating they were executed prior to that date.
Pomological illustrations currently on view online, as thumbnails, in the Rare Books Special Collections Image Gallery:
Note: The Atlas contains many more illustrations. The images posted are only a selection.
Apples:
Domini
Hewe’s Crab
Roane’s White Crab
Orange Apple
Grey House
Winesap
Harrison
Pomme d’Apis or Lady Apple
Poveshon
Siberian Crab
Styre
Loan’s English Pearmain
Rambo or Romanite
The Cider Apple
The Black Apple
White Sweet or Wheterills White Sweeting
Glouschester White
Fearn’s Pippin
Newton Pippin
Preistly
Esopus Spitzenburg
Vendervere
Fama Gusta
Peaches:
Red-Cheek Malacotan
Early Anne
Monstrous Pavie
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THE SEARCH FOR A VALUABLE UNPUBLISHED WORK OF AMERICAN POMOLOGY

From SCIENCE

NEW SERIES. VOLUME XLIV JULY-DECEMBER, 1916 NEW YORK

A VALUABLE UNPUBLISHED WORK ON POMOLOGY

Most horticulturists are doubtless familiar with “A View of the Cultivation of Fruit Trees of America,” published in 1817 by “William Coxe, of Burlington, N. J., who has been called “The Father of American Pomology,” but probably few are aware of the existence of an unpublished book of colored drawings of the fruits that were illustrated in this work by wood cuts. On pages 225-226 of the Country Gentleman, of Albany, ~N. Y., for April 2, 1857, there was published by E[dmund] L[aw] R[ogers], Baltimore, Md., an account of the activities of Mr. Coxe, in which it is stated that he had intended publishing a second edition of the work, accompanied by colored engravings for which natural-size water-color drawings had been prepared by his daughters. The publication of this second edition was prevented by Mr. Coxe’s death in 1831. About twenty years ago this article came to the attention of Mr. William A. Taylor, then assistant pomologist of the TJ. S. Department of Agriculture, and a number of letters were written in an effort to locate the colored drawings, but without success. The matter was then dropped until the spring of 1915 when, in a conversation regarding some old horticultural catalogs, Mr. Taylor related these facts to the writer who suggested that it might still be possible to locate the unpublished colored plates through methods used by genealogical research workers.

The search was begun by looking up at the Library of Congress historical and genealogical works which might give information regarding the descendants of William Coxe, with the result that a list of his children was obtained, with some of their marriages. From this it was learned that Philadelphia and vicinity was at present the most likely locality to search for his descendants. Addresses were obtained of several of the Coxe family in that vicinity and a form letter sent to all of them giving the object of the inquiry, with the result that a chart of this branch of the family, only recently published, was secured by the writer. This gave the names of all descendants to date, but without addresses, although the places of births were usually given. With this clue several city and tele- phone directories were consulted and addresses of most of the descendants obtained. About twenty-five copies of the form letter were then sent to these addresses with the almost immediate result of six replies giving the address of the probable possessor of the work, followed the next day by a letter from one of the twenty- five addressed acknowledging the possession of the work.

It is with great pleasure that announcement is made of the donation of the unpublished colored drawings of fruits to the Library of the U. S. Department of Agriculture by the grandchildren of Mrs. Elizabeth (Coxe) McMurtrie, a daughter of William Coxe, by whom most of the paintings were made. The drawings are bound and in an excellent state of preservation. The character of the work shows a high degree of skill on the part of the artist in depicting fruits; and the positive identification of all the earlier descriptions and illustrations, some of which have long been in doubt, will now be possible. The work has been placed in a fireproof building and it is expected that the additional safeguard of a fireproof safe for this and similar books will be provided at an early date. The drawings are accompanied by the bound manuscript upon which the published work was based, to which have been added numerous notes intended for a second edition.

Many of the notes bear dates ranging from 1810 to 1828 and it probable that the water-color work was largely done in the early part of this period, for several varieties are illustrated which according to the manuscript did not live long, or were destroyed as being of little value or particularly subject to disease.

P. L. RlCKER Bureau of Plant Industry

July 14, 1916

link: http://archive.org/stream/science441916mich/science441916mich_djvu.txt

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Malus domestica: Red Gravenstein, 1897. Wolfville, Kings County, Nova Scotia, Canada.

POM00003059wolfvilleMalus domestica: Red Gravenstein

Artist:
Passmore, Deborah Griscom, 1840-1911
Scientific name:
Malus domestica
Common name:
apples
Variety:
Red Gravenstein
Geographic origin:
Wolfville, Kings County, Nova Scotia, Canada
Physical description:
1 art original : col. ; 16 x 25 cm.
Specimen:
14844
Year:
1897
Notes on original:
From Grafts
Date created:
1897-12-21
Rights:
Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a statement of attribution is required. Please use the following attribution statement: “U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705”
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Malus domestica: Red Gravenstein, 1935. Geneva, Ontario County, New York, United States.

POM00003062REDGrav1910NY

Malus domestica: Red Gravenstein

Artist:
Arnold, Mary Daisy, ca. 1873-1955
Scientific name:
Malus domestica
Common name:
apples
Variety:
Red Gravenstein
Geographic origin:
Geneva, Ontario County, New York, United States
Physical description:
1 art original : col. ; 17 x 25 cm.
Specimen:
113201
Year:
1935
Date created:
1935-12
Rights:
Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a statement of attribution is required. Please use the following attribution statement: “U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705”
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Malus domestica: Red Gravenstein, 1931. Rosslyn, Arlington County, Virginia, United States.

POM00003064RedGrav VA1931

Malus domestica: Red Gravenstein

Artist:
Steadman, Royal Charles, b. 1875
Scientific name:
Malus domestica
Common name:
apples
Variety:
Red Gravenstein
Geographic origin:
Rosslyn, Arlington County, Virginia, United States
Physical description:
1 art original : col. ; 17 x 25 cm.
Specimen:
8131931
Year:
1931
Notes on original:
Section J, Row 25, Tree 3
Date created:
1931-08-18
Rights:
Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a statement of attribution is required. Please use the following attribution statement: “U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705”
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Malus domestica: Red Gravenstein, 1909. Olga, San Juan County, Washington, United States.

POM00003060RedGrav

Malus domestica: Red Gravenstein

Artist:
Passmore, Deborah Griscom, 1840-1911
Scientific name:
Malus domestica
Common name:
apples
Variety:
Red Gravenstein
Geographic origin:
Olga, San Juan County, Washington, United States
Physical description:
1 art original : col. ; 17 x 25 cm.
Specimen:
45883
Year:
1909
Date created:
1909-12-03
Rights:
Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a statement of attribution is required. Please use the following attribution statement: “U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705”
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Malus domestica: Gravenstein. Rosslyn, Arlington County, Virginia, United States.

POM00002051Gravenstein,Rosslyn #2

Malus domestica: Gravenstein

Artist:
Arnold, Mary Daisy, ca. 1873-1955
Scientific name:
Malus domestica
Common name:
apples
Variety:
Gravenstein
Geographic origin:
Rosslyn, Arlington County, Virginia, United States
Physical description:
1 art original : col. ; 17 x 25 cm.
Specimen:
112286
Year:
1931
Notes on original:
Section J, Row 23-24, Tree 5
Date created:
1931-09-15
Rights:
Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a statement of attribution is required. Please use the following attribution statement: “U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705”
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Malus domestica: Gravenstein. Rosslyn, Arlington County, Virginia, United States.

POM00002050Rosslyn, VAjpg

Malus domestica: Gravenstein

Artist:
Arnold, Mary Daisy, ca. 1873-1955
Scientific name:
Malus domestica
Common name:
apples
Variety:
Gravenstein
Geographic origin:
Rosslyn, Arlington County, Virginia, United States
Physical description:
1 art original : col. ; 17 x 25 cm.
Specimen:
106589
Year:
1925
Notes on original:
Access Number 8581; Section J, Row 23, Tree 5
Date created:
1925-08-17
Rights:
Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a statement of attribution is required. Please use the following attribution statement: “U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705”
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Malus domestica: Gravenstein. Missoula County, Montana, United States.

POM00002054Gravenstien, Missoula,MT

Malus domestica: Gravenstein

Artist:
Lower, Elsie E., b. 1882
Scientific name:
Malus domestica
Common name:
apples
Variety:
Gravenstein
Geographic origin:
Missoula, Missoula County, Montana, United States
Physical description:
1 art original : col. ; 17 x 25 cm.
Specimen:
48696
Year:
1910
Date created:
1910-10-25
Rights:
Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a statement of attribution is required. Please use the following attribution statement: “U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705”
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Malus domestica: Gravenstein. Truro, Nova Scotia, Canada.

POM00002053GravensteinNoveScotia

Malus domestica: Gravenstein

Artist:
Newton, Amanda Almira, ca. 1860-1943
Scientific name:
Malus domestica
Common name:
apples
Variety:
Gravenstein
Geographic origin:
Truro, Nova Scotia, Canada
Physical description:
1 art original : col. ; 17 x 25 cm.
Specimen:
35381
Year:
1905
Date created:
1905-11-29
Rights:
Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a statement of attribution is required. Please use the following attribution statement: “U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705”
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Malus domestica: Gravenstein. Albermarle County, Virginia, United States.

POM00002052

Malus domestica: Gravenstein

Artist:
Newton, Amanda Almira, ca. 1860-1943
Scientific name:
Malus domestica
Common name:
apples
Variety:
Gravenstein
Geographic origin:
Albermarle County, Virginia, United States
Physical description:
1 art original : col. ; 17 x 25 cm.
Specimen:
44075
Year:
1909
Date created:
1909-08-16
Rights:
Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a statement of attribution is required. Please use the following attribution statement: “U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705”
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Malus domestica: Pomme de Fer, 1913. Isle La Motte, Grand Isle County, Vermont, United States.

POM00000680pommedeFer 1913

Malus domestica: Pomme de Fer

Artist:
Newton, Amanda Almira, ca. 1860-1943
Scientific name:
Malus domestica
Common name:
apples
Variety:
Pomme de Fer
Geographic origin:
Isle La Motte, Grand Isle County, Vermont, United States
Physical description:
1 art original : col. ; 16 x 25 cm.
Specimen:
66348
Year:
1913
Date created:
1913-10-29
Rights:
Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a statement of attribution is required. Please use the following attribution statement: “U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705”
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Malus domestica: Pomme de Fer, 1906. Watsonville, Santa Cruz County, California, United States.

POM00002970Pomme de Fer 1906

Malus domestica: Pomme de Fer

Artist:
Newton, Amanda Almira, ca. 1860-1943
Scientific name:
Malus domestica
Common name:
apples
Variety:
Pomme de Fer
Geographic origin:
Watsonville, Santa Cruz County, California, United States
Physical description:
1 art original : col. ; 17 x 25 cm.
NAL note:
Alternative variety name(s): Red Winter Pearmain
Specimen:
35694
Year:
1906
Notes on original:
Immediate Storage; Picked 9/25/1905; Shipped 09/28, Stored 10/16/1905. See 35693; Packed 9/26/1905
Date created:
1906-04-20
Rights:
Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a statement of attribution is required. Please use the following attribution statement: “U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705”
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Malus domestica: Pomme de Fer, 1904. Vassalboro, Kennebec County, Maine, United States.

POM00000679Pomme de Fer 1904Malus domestica: Pomme de Fer

Artist:
Newton, Amanda Almira, ca. 1860-1943
Scientific name:
Malus domestica
Common name:
apples
Variety:
Pomme de Fer
Geographic origin:
Vassalboro, Kennebec County, Maine, United States
Physical description:
1 art original : col. ; 17 x 25 cm.
Specimen:
33186
Year:
1904
Date created:
1904-12-27
Rights:
Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a statement of attribution is required. Please use the following attribution statement: “U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705”
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Malus domestica: Seedling Apple No. 34 : Row 18, Tree 8

POM00004273 Seedling No 34

Malus domestica: Seedling Apple No. 34

Artist:
Arnold, Mary Daisy, ca. 1873-1955
Scientific name:
Malus domestica
Common name:
apples
Variety:
Seedling Apple No. 34
Geographic origin:
Rosslyn, Arlington County, Virginia, United States
Physical description:
1 art original : col. ; 17 x 25 cm.
Specimen:
110303
Notes on original:
Row 18, Tree 8; Picked 07/09/1928
Rights:
Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a statement of attribution is required. Please use the following attribution statement: “U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705”
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Malus domestica: Seedling Apple No.1: Row 6, Tree 9

POM00004260 Seedling No.1

Malus domestica: Seedling Apple No. 1

Artist:
Arnold, Mary Daisy, ca. 1873-1955
Scientific name:
Malus domestica
Common name:
apples
Variety:
Seedling Apple No. 1
Geographic origin:
Rosslyn, Arlington County, Virginia, United States
Physical description:
1 art original : col. ; 17 x 25 cm.
Specimen:
110304
Notes on original:
Row 6, Tree 9; Picked 07/09/1928
Rights:
Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a statement of attribution is required. Please use the following attribution statement: “U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705”
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