Nomeclature and Regional Expression: Pomme de Fer & Red Winter Pearmain

POM00002970PommedeFerCaliforniaImages of (4) different apple specimens from the NAL Library USDA Pomological Watercolor Collection

4 specimens

Collected from 3 locales in 3 States:

California, Vermont, Maine

From 3 different North American growing regions

Nomenclature: Pomme de Fer and Red Winter Pearmain

“An interesting little apple, to which I may draw your attention later in the report on new fruits, is this 
Pomme de Fer, literally the Iron apple, which originated in the Province of Quebec. It is a small dark apple and keeps easily until June.” 1
 
“Nevertheless Quebec has enriched American pomology by the gift of an apple which has added abundantly to the wealth and comfort of the people of North Eastern America.  To know this apple is to appreciate its great beauty and its surpassing fine quality.  But one should have it grown in the islands of Lake Champlain or in Western Quebec to secure it in all its glowing beauty and in all its crisp lusciousness.  You have no doubt guessed ere this that there is only one apple meriting this description La Belle Fameuse.  Quebec Tradition – because precise history fails – tells us that the Fameuse came to us with the advent of the Norman colonists.  It is the characteristic apple of the upper St Lawrence valley and I might add of the Lake Champlain region.  Fruit growing in the Province began as no doubt it did in New England with the growing of seedling fruits in the gardens of those who had brought with them from the old land a love of horticulture. The early gardens of Quebec and Montreal were famous for their collections of apples and even of pears. From these early plantings many varieties of some local fame have originated.  In addition to the Fameuse and its large seedling progeny might be mentioned St Lawrence, Pomme de fer, and Canada Baldwin.” 2
 
 
 

Malus domestica: Pomme de Fer, 1913. Isle La Motte, Grand Isle County, Vermont, United States.

POM00000680pommedeFer 1913

Malus domestica: Pomme de Fer

Artist:
Newton, Amanda Almira, ca. 1860-1943
Scientific name:
Malus domestica
Common name:
apples
Variety:
Pomme de Fer
Geographic origin:
Isle La Motte, Grand Isle County, Vermont, United States
Physical description:
1 art original : col. ; 16 x 25 cm.
Specimen:
66348
Year:
1913
Date created:
1913-10-29
Rights:
Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a statement of attribution is required. Please use the following attribution statement: “U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705”

Malus domestica: Red Winter Pearmain (Alternative variety name(s): Pomme des Fer) 1906. Watsonville, Santa Cruz County, California, United States.

POM00002969.RedWinterPearmianCA(PommedesFer)jpg

Malus domestica: Red Winter Pearmain

Artist:
Newton, Amanda Almira, ca. 1860-1943
Scientific name:
Malus domestica
Common name:
apples
Variety:
Red Winter Pearmain
Geographic origin:
Watsonville, Santa Cruz County, California, United States
Physical description:
1 art original : col. ; 17 x 25 cm.
NAL note:
Alternative variety name(s): Pomme des Fer
Specimen:
35693
Year:
1906
Notes on original:
Delayed Storage (35694). Picked 09/25/1905. Packed 09/26/1905. Stored 10/28/1905
Date created:
1906-04-17
Rights:
Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a statement of attribution is required. Please use the following attribution statement: “U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705”

Malus domestica: Pomme de Fer, 1906. Watsonville, Santa Cruz County, California, United States.

POM00002970Pomme de Fer 1906

Malus domestica: Pomme de Fer

Artist:
Newton, Amanda Almira, ca. 1860-1943
Scientific name:
Malus domestica
Common name:
apples
Variety:
Pomme de Fer
Geographic origin:
Watsonville, Santa Cruz County, California, United States
Physical description:
1 art original : col. ; 17 x 25 cm.
NAL note:
Alternative variety name(s): Red Winter Pearmain
Specimen:
35694
Year:
1906
Notes on original:
Immediate Storage; Picked 9/25/1905; Shipped 09/28, Stored 10/16/1905. See 35693; Packed 9/26/1905
Date created:
1906-04-20
Rights:
Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a statement of attribution is required. Please use the following attribution statement: “U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705”

Malus domestica: Pomme de Fer, 1904. Vassalboro, Kennebec County, Maine, United States.

POM00000679Pomme de Fer 1904Malus domestica: Pomme de Fer

Artist:
Newton, Amanda Almira, ca. 1860-1943
Scientific name:
Malus domestica
Common name:
apples
Variety:
Pomme de Fer
Geographic origin:
Vassalboro, Kennebec County, Maine, United States
Physical description:
1 art original : col. ; 17 x 25 cm.
Specimen:
33186
Year:
1904
Date created:
1904-12-27
Rights:
Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a statement of attribution is required. Please use the following attribution statement: “U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705”